46th New Zealand Parliament

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46th Parliament of New Zealand
45th Parliament 47th Parliament
Legislative bodyNew Zealand Parliament
Term20 December 1999 – 11 June 2002
Election1999 New Zealand general election
GovernmentFifth Labour Government
House of Representatives
Speaker of the HouseJonathan Hunt
Leader of the HouseMichael Cullen
Prime MinisterHelen Clark
Leader of the OppositionBill English
Jenny Shipley until 8 October 2001
MonarchElizabeth II
Governor-GeneralSilvia Cartwright from 4 April 2001
Michael Hardie Boys until 21 March 2001

The 46th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1999 election, and it sat until the 2002 election.

The 46th Parliament marked a change of government, with a coalition of the Labour Party and the Alliance taking office. Helen Clark replaced Jenny Shipley as Prime Minister. The National Party, which had formed a minority government for the last part of the 45th Parliament, became the largest opposition party, eventually emerging under a new leader, Bill English. Other parties in Parliament were ACT, the Greens, New Zealand First, and United. Several parties represented at the end of the previous Parliament, such as Mauri Pacific, were wiped out, failing to retain any of their seats.

The 46th Parliament consisted of one hundred and twenty representatives. Sixty-seven of these representatives were chosen by geographical electorates, including six Māori electorates. The remainder were elected by means of party-list proportional representation under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system.

Electoral boundaries for the 46th Parliament[edit]

Overview of seats[edit]

The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1999 election and at dissolution:

Affiliation Members
At 1999 election At dissolution
Labour 49 49
Alliance 10 10
Green CS 7 7
Government total 66 66
National 39 39
ACT 9 9
NZ First 5 5
United NZ 1 1
Opposition total 54 54
120 120
Working Government majority 12 12


  • The Working Government majority is calculated as all Government MPs less all other parties.
  • ^CS The Green Party entered a confidence and supply agreement with the Labour-Alliance coalition

Initial composition of the 46th Parliament[edit]

46th New Zealand Parliament - MPs elected to Parliament

List MPs are ordered by allocation as determined by the Chief Electoral Office[1] and the party lists.

Party Name Electorate Term
National Murray McCully Albany Fifth
Labour Jim Sutton Aoraki Fifth
Labour Judith Tizard Auckland Central Fourth
Labour Ruth Dyson Banks Peninsula Third
National Tony Ryall Bay of Plenty Fourth
Labour Tim Barnett Christchurch Central Second
Labour Lianne Dalziel Christchurch East Fourth
National Bill English Clutha-Southland Fourth
Green Jeanette Fitzsimons Coromandel Second
Labour Pete Hodgson Dunedin North Fourth
Labour David Benson-Pope Dunedin South First
Labour Janet Mackey East Coast Third
National Richard Worth Epsom First
National Tony Steel Hamilton East Third
Labour Martin Gallagher Hamilton West Second
National Warren Kyd Hunua Fifth
Labour Trevor Mallard Hutt South Fifth
National Gerry Brownlee Ilam Second
Labour Mark Peck Invercargill Third
National Lynda Scott Kaikōura First
National Lindsay Tisch Karapiro First
Labour Graham Kelly Mana Fifth
Labour Taito Phillip Field Mangere Third
Labour Ross Robertson Manukau East Fifth
Labour George Hawkins Manurewa Fourth
Labour Mark Gosche Maungakiekie Second
Labour Helen Clark Mount Albert Seventh
Labour Phil Goff Mount Roskill Sixth
Labour Geoff Braybrooke Napier Seventh
National Nick Smith Nelson Fourth
Labour Harry Duynhoven New Plymouth Fourth
National Wayne Mapp North Shore Second
Labour Ann Hartley Northcote First
National John Carter Northland Fifth
United NZ Peter Dunne Ohariu-Belmont Sixth
National Gavan Herlihy Otago Second
Labour Judy Keall Otaki Fifth
National Maurice Williamson Pakuranga Fifth
Labour Steve Maharey Palmerston North Fourth
National Paul Hutchison Port Waikato First
National Jenny Shipley Rakaia Fifth
National Simon Power Rangitikei First
Labour Paul Swain Rimutaka Fourth
National Lockwood Smith Rodney Sixth
Labour Annette King Rongotai Fifth
Labour Steve Chadwick Rotorua First
National Clem Simich Tamaki Fourth
National Shane Ardern Taranaki-King Country Second
Labour Mark Burton Taupo Third
NZ First Winston Peters Tauranga Seventh
Labour Chris Carter Te Atatu Second
Labour David Cunliffe Titirangi First
Labour Rick Barker Tukituki Third
Labour Clayton Cosgrove Waimakariri First
Labour Georgina Beyer Wairarapa First
National Brian Neeson Waitakere Fourth
Labour Marian Hobbs Wellington Central Second
Labour Damien O'Connor West Coast-Tasman Third
Labour Jill Pettis Whanganui Third
National Phil Heatley Whangarei First
Alliance Jim Anderton Wigram Sixth
Labour John Tamihere Hauraki Maori First
Labour Parekura Horomia Ikaroa-Rāwhiti First
Labour Nanaia Mahuta Te Tai Hauāuru Second
Labour Dover Samuels Te Tai Tokerau Second
Labour Mahara Okeroa Te Tai Tonga First
Labour Mita Ririnui Waiariki First
ACT Richard Prebble Party list, rank 01 Eighth
Alliance Sandra Lee Party list, rank 02 Third
ACT Ken Shirley Party list, rank 02 Fourth
Green Rod Donald Party list, rank 02 Second
Alliance Matt Robson Party list, rank 03 Second
NZ First Peter Brown Party list, rank 02 Second
ACT Stephen Franks Party list, rank 03 First
Alliance John Wright Party list, rank 04 Second
Green Ian Ewen-Street Party list, rank 03 First
ACT Donna Awatere Huata Party list, rank 04 Second
Alliance Phillida Bunkle Party list, rank 05 Second
NZ First Brian Donnelly Party list, rank 03 Second
ACT Rodney Hide Party list, rank 05 Second
Green Sue Bradford Party list, rank 04 First
Alliance Laila Harré Party list, rank 06 Second
National Wyatt Creech Party list, rank 02 Fifth
National Don McKinnon Party list, rank 03 Eighth
ACT Owen Jennings Party list, rank 06 Second
National Georgina te Heuheu Party list, rank 06 Second
NZ First Ron Mark Party list, rank 04 Second
National Roger Sowry Party list, rank 07 Fourth
Alliance Grant Gillon Party list, rank 07 Second
National Belinda Vernon Party list, rank 10 Second
Green Nándor Tánczos Party list, rank 05 First
National Pansy Wong Party list, rank 11 Second
ACT Muriel Newman Party list, rank 07 Second
National Simon Upton Party list, rank 12 Seventh
National John Luxton Party list, rank 14 Fifth
Alliance Liz Gordon Party list, rank 08 Second
National Max Bradford Party list, rank 15 Fourth
National Doug Kidd Party list, rank 17 Eighth
NZ First Doug Woolerton Party list, rank 05 Second
ACT Penny Webster Party list, rank 08 First
National Annabel Young Party list, rank 18 Second
Green Sue Kedgley Party list, rank 06 First
Labour Michael Cullen Party list, rank 02 Seventh
Labour Jonathan Hunt Party list, rank 06 Twelfth
Alliance Willie Jackson Party list, rank 09 First
National Eric Roy Party list, rank 19 Third
Labour Margaret Wilson Party list, rank 09 First
National Anne Tolley Party list, rank 20 First
Labour Tariana Turia Party list, rank 16 Second
National David Carter Party list, rank 21 Third
Labour Dianne Yates Party list, rank 22 Third
National Bob Simcock Party list, rank 22 Second
Labour Helen Duncan Party list, rank 30 Second
ACT Gerry Eckhoff Party list, rank 09 First
Labour Joe Hawke Party list, rank 32 Second
Alliance Kevin Campbell Party list, rank 10 First
National Katherine Rich Party list, rank 23 First
Labour Winnie Laban Party list, rank 33 First
Green Keith Locke Party list, rank 07 First
National Marie Hasler Party list, rank 24 Third

Changes during term[edit]

There were no by-elections held during the term of the 46th Parliament.

Seating plan[edit]

Start of term[edit]

The chamber is in a horseshoe-shape.[2]

Wong Anae Ardern Rich Scott
Roy Kidd Mapp Herlihy Young Neeson Simich Hasler Kyd Steel Newman Franks Webster Eckhoff Woolerton Heatley Tisch
te Heuheu Vernon Brownlee J. Carter Upton McCully Williamson Simcock D. Carter Awatere Huata Hide Jennings Brown Mark Donnelly Hutchison Tolley
M. Bradford Luxton Creech Shipley English Sowry N. Smith L. Smith Ryall Prebble Shirley Peters Donald S. Bradford Kedgley Power Worth
Fitzsimons Ewen-Street Tánczos
Hunt Locke
Dunne Peck Campbell
Sutton Lee Anderton CLARK Cullen Maharey Goff King Mallard Bunkle Wright Kelly Keall O'Connor Gordon Cunliffe Tamihere
Harré Robson Gillon Barker Hodgson Wilson Samuels Dalziel Hawkins Horomia Robertson Duynhoven Field Mackey Beyer Cosgrove Ririnui
Braybrooke Hobbs Swain C. Carter Burton Gosche Tizard Dyson Turia Pettis Yates Mahuta Hawke Barnett Duncan Chadwick Okeroa
Gallagher Benson-Pope Hartley Laban


  1. ^ "Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties". Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Debating Chamber". clerk.parliament.govt.nz. 15 March 2000. Archived from the original on 22 April 1999.